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Tourists souvenire in Haifa

Tourists souvenires and Baha'i gifts visit our shop: NEKUDAT CHEN 5 HEZEL ST. HAIFA ISRAEL
054-6818597 BAHA'I GIFTS, ISRAEL SOUVENIRS PLEASE VISIT OUT ENGLISH WEB SITE http://bahaigifts.blogspot.com How to get to our shop please enter לחץ לקבלת מפת הגעה לחנות מפה map

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about Haifa


Like most Israeli cities, Haifa is rooted in the past. Recent digs at Tel Shiqmona, on the coast just south of Haifa, have brought to light buildings from the First Temple period down to Seleucid times.
Haifa's rich history stretches back millennia. Discoveries from as far back as the Bronze Age show that a small port was located near this site. The area was also settled in Roman and Greek times.
Biblical references to the Mt. Carmel region include a mention of Elijah's cave and Mt. Carmel itself, where the prophet Elijah challenged the pagan priests of Ba'al. The Talmud does not neglect the area either; it tells us that the shellfish from which the purple dye for the traditional tallit or prayer shawl was made came from the coast around this area.
After the Crusader invasion and conquest, when the town's Jewish defenders were slaughtered, Haifa began a slow decline. Other conquests followed: by Saladin in 1187, by the Mamelukes in 1265. But for hundreds of years, Haifa remained an insignificant, impoverished backwater.
By the 17th century, Haifa had begun to revive and develop again. Destroyed once again by a local leader to prevent its capture by the Turks in 1761, Haifa was re-established at its present site.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Haifa had about 4,000 inhabitants, many of whom were Christian Arabs. The German Templer settlers who arrived in the mid-1800s made important contributions to the town's growth and industrialization.
Haifa received real impetus for growth when it was linked by rail with Damascus and Egypt in the period before the First World War, making the town an important waystation. Later, when the British wrested control of Palestine from the Turks, the port was further expanded and developed and Haifa became a significant maritime centre.
When Jews returned to Israel, Haifa became a major target of settlement; indeed Theodor Herzl urged Jews to develop Haifa, which he called ``the city of the future.'' During the early years of the 20th century, the population grew in great leaps: from 20,000 in 1914 to 50,000 in 1931, to 150,000 (of which Jews made up a third) in 1948. Many of the city's Arabs subsequently left when the British evacuated the city that year.
Haifa became a centre for Jewish immigration in the period of Nazi oppression, when thousands entered through the port. It continued to develop and grow, and today, with a quarter of a million residents, is headquarters to the Israeli Navy, Israel Railways, the Israel Electric Company and the giant contracting firm Solel Boneh. Haifa is also home to Matam, a giant high-tech center, Intel, Elbit and Elscint, as well as several smaller Israeli companies.It is also the world centre of the Bahai sect, with its remarkable gold-domed sanctuary and magnificent gardens on the slopes of Mt. Carmel.

Saturday, August 15, 2009

Haifa old pictures from the 20's on





Some rare pictures of Haifa from the Ottoman era and the British Mandate from 1917 on to 1948.
Haifa pps